Volume 2, Issue 2, April 2016, Page: 5-12
Vulnerability Analysis of the Cyclone Aila Affected Community in the South-West Belt of Bangladesh
Md. Jakariya, Department of Environmental Science and Management (DESM), North South University (NSU), Bashundhara, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Minhaz Farid Ahmed, Institute for Environment and Development (LESTARI), University Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
Md. Tajuddin Sikder, Department of Environmental Science and Management (DESM), North South University (NSU), Bashundhara, Dhaka, Bangladesh; Department of Public Health and Informatics, Jahangirnagar Univesity, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Received: Jan. 17, 2016;       Accepted: Jan. 21, 2016;       Published: Mar. 1, 2016
DOI: 10.11648/j.jher.20160202.11      View  4146      Downloads  139
Abstract
Bangladesh is considered as one of the most vulnerable countries to climate changein the world because of increased intensity and frequency of natural disasters. The southern areas of Bangladesh are comparatively more vulnerable to cyclones. In 2009, cyclone Ailaled to tidal surge and salinity intrusion. In order to understand the vulnerability of the population affected by cyclone Aila, Household (HH) questionnaire survey, Key Informant Interview (KII) with different stakeholders and Focus Group Discussion (FGD) tools have been employed. The study finds that the main occupationsunder the study area are agriculture and fisheries industry.And they became vulnerable because of saline water logging. Saline water logging prevented the local people from agriculture works and fish cultivation. Moreover, the financial aidsand supportsprovedineffectivecompared to the dire need of the affected population. As a result, the affectedpeople changed their primary occupation by migrating to nearby, yet remotebigcities in expectation of better livelihood mainly through day laboring or engaging in other informal employment sectors.
Keywords
Climate Change, Disaster, Occupation, Migration, Salinity
To cite this article
Md. Jakariya, Minhaz Farid Ahmed, Md. Tajuddin Sikder, Vulnerability Analysis of the Cyclone Aila Affected Community in the South-West Belt of Bangladesh, Journal of Health and Environmental Research. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2016, pp. 5-12. doi: 10.11648/j.jher.20160202.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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