Volume 2, Issue 3, June 2016, Page: 13-19
Impact and Adaptation to Cyclone AILA: Focus on Water Supply, Sanitation and Health of Rural Coastal Community in the South West Coastal Region of Bangladesh
Tapos Kumar Chakraborty, Department of Environmental Science and Technology, Jessore University of Science and Technology, Jessore, Bangladesh
A. H. M. Enamul Kabir, Department of Environmental Science and Technology, Jessore University of Science and Technology, Jessore, Bangladesh
Gopal Chandra Ghosh, Department of Environmental Science and Technology, Jessore University of Science and Technology, Jessore, Bangladesh
Received: Jul. 18, 2016;       Accepted: Aug. 29, 2016;       Published: Sep. 30, 2016
DOI: 10.11648/j.jher.20160203.11      View  4414      Downloads  148
Abstract
The objective of these study was to examine the impact of cyclone AILA on water supply, sanitation and health status in the southwest coastal region of Bangladesh and explore adaptation strategies. This study relied on field investigation where 120 respondents answers were collected randomly from three disasters prone unions in coastal Bangladesh through a defined questionnaire. Natural disaster was a common feature of the study area. The cyclone AILA hit the southwestern coastal region of the country in 25th May 2009.Water supply and sanitation condition became harshly disrupted during that time when it embraced various water borne diseases. Qualitative field data represented that about 67% people faced serious drinking water scarcity, especially during disasters and summer season due to the disruption of water supply facilities. In the study area, 97% households sanitation system were totally destroyed and 96% households could not use their sanitation facilities during disasters, unattainable sanitation technology was the main causes of these damage. Owing to poor water supply and sanitation facilities, people suffered from diarrhoea (32%) and dysentery (44%) diseases during the study conducted time. Tube-wells and latrines are build on an elevated base with improved floor and the excavation of ponds for salinity removal is the main adaptation approach for this area. Results drawn from this research and recommended adaptation strategies will be useful for local and national level planners, as well as international donors for preparing future disaster risk reduction plan.
Keywords
Coastal Bangladesh, Health, Cyclone AILA, Sanitation, Water Supply
To cite this article
Tapos Kumar Chakraborty, A. H. M. Enamul Kabir, Gopal Chandra Ghosh, Impact and Adaptation to Cyclone AILA: Focus on Water Supply, Sanitation and Health of Rural Coastal Community in the South West Coastal Region of Bangladesh, Journal of Health and Environmental Research. Vol. 2, No. 3, 2016, pp. 13-19. doi: 10.11648/j.jher.20160203.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
DoE, “Climate change and Bangladesh,” Climate Change Cell. Department of Environment. Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. Dhaka, 2007.
[2]
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS), Government People’s Republic of Bangladesh. Dhaka. Bangladesh, 1999.
[3]
K. Roy, U. Kumar, H. Mehedi, T. Sultana and D. M. Ershad, “Initial Assessment Report with focus on Khulna District,” Unnayan Onneshan.Humanitywatch.Nijera Kori. Khulna .Bangladesh, 2009.
[4]
A. U. Ahmed and N. Haque, “Climate Change and Sustainable Development. Paper presented at the Dhaka Meet on Sustainable Development,” Incorporated in Q. K. Ahmad and A. U. Ahmed (eds.). Citizens’ Perspectives on Sustainable Development. Bangladesh Unnayan Parishad (BUP), 2002.
[5]
S. Agrawala, T. Ota, A. U. Ahmed, J. Smith and M. V. Aalst, “Development and climate change in Bangladesh: Focus on coastal flooding and the Sundarbans,” Report no.: COM/ENV/EPOC/DCD/DAC(2003)3/FINAL. Paris: OECD, 2009.
[6]
A. Rahman, and M. Alam, “Mainstreaming Adaptation to Climate Change in Least Developed Countries (LDCs),” Bangladesh Country Case Study. IIED Working Paper, 2003.
[7]
D. A. Mooley, “Severe cyclonic storms in the Bay of Bengal 1877–1977,” Mon Weather Rev. 108, pp1647–1655, 1980.
[8]
C. E. Haque , “Hazards in a fickle environment. Bangladesh”. Kluwer. The Netherlands, 1997.
[9]
T. S. Murty, and V. R. Neralla, “On the recurvature of tropical cyclones and the storm surge problem in Bangladesh,” Nat Hazards 6(3), pp275–279, 2011.
[10]
K. B. Bangladesh WASH, “Learning and Knowledge Sharing Workshop on Response to Cyclone Aila in Khulna. Water Aid in Bangladesh, 09-10 December 2009.
[11]
National Food Policy Capacity Strengthening Programme (NFPCSP) Workshop on, “Research to Inform Food and Nutrition Security Policies,” Compendium of Inception and Interim Reports. Safety net and Migration (Session III), Volume 2, Dhaka, 7- 8 May 2012.
[12]
UN Joint Aila Assessment Mission, “Joint UN Multi Sector Assessment & Response Framework of Cyclone AILA,” 2010, available at https://www.google.com.bd/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CCEQFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.lcgbangladesh.org%2Fderweb%2FNeeds%
2520Assessment%2FReports%2FAila_UN_AssessmentFramework_FINAL.pdf&ei=i7n1VOymF4PmsATd34LQCQ&usg=
AFQjCNG8HDLWrRyzjvw2TsK1Qp9fXxWymQ&bvm=bv.87269000,d.cWc (Accessed on 3rd May 2015).
[13]
A. Mahmood, “Flood impacts on rural water supply and sanitation and mitigation options,” Proceedings of the National Workshop on Options for Flood Risk and Damage Reduction in Bangladesh. Dhaka, 7-9 September 2004.
[14]
DMB-GoB, “National plan for disaster management 2010–2015,” Disaster management bureau. Disaster management and relief division. Government of Bangladesh, 2010.
[15]
CRF, “Living with cyclone Aila,” Coastal Research Foundation. Khulna, 2010.
[16]
Bangladesh Population Census, “Cultural survey report of Shyamnagar Upazila,” Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Dhaka. Bangladesh, 2001.
[17]
World Health Organization, “An Interview with Mahmudur Rahman Bangladesh’s arsenic agony,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization (BLT), Vol. 86 1, pp. 11-12, 25th April 2008, available at www.who.int/hac/techguidance/ems/flood_cds/en/print.html (accessed 3rd February 2015).
[18]
S .N. Mclean, and D. R. Moore, “A mitigation strategy for the natural disaster of poverty in Bangladesh,” Disaster prevention and Management, Vol. 14. No. 2, pp. 223-6, 2005.
[19]
F. Sayeeda, “Suitability Of Pond Sand Filters As Safe Drinking Water Solution In Storm Surge Prone Areas Of Bangladesh: A Case Study Of Post-Aila Situation In Shyamnagar, Satkhira District, Khulna,” Master’s thesis paper. BRAC University. Dhaka. Bangladesh, 2011.
[20]
N. Hafizi, “Unnecessary and Deadly: The Post-Disaster Catastrophe of Waterborne Diseases,” Retrieved January 5th 2012. from The Triple Helix Online: http://triplehelixblog.com/2011/03/unnecessary-and-deadly-the-post-disaster-catastrophe-of-waterborne-diseases, March 2011.
[21]
UNDP, “Bangladesh Rural Sanitation Supply Chain and Employment Impact”, Human Development Report 2006. 2006/43. United Nations Development Programs. New York. NY, 2006.
[22]
A. C. Shimi, G. A. Parvin, C. Biswas and R. Shaw, “Impact and adaptation to flood A focus on water supply, sanitation and health problems of rural community in Bangladesh,” Emerald Group Publishing Limited 0965-3562. Disaster Prevention and Management Vol. 19. No. 3, pp. 298-313, 2010.
[23]
Z. Hussain, S. T. Islam, M. R. Amin, S. Hussain, S. Naznin, S. M. S. Islam and M. H. Shsihir, “Handbook on Climate Change and Disaster Resilient Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Practices,” WaterAid in Bangladesh. ISBN: 978-984-33-8020-3, 2012.
[24]
M. Galway, “New approaches to promoting sanitation in rural Bangladesh,” Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion Series, Water and Sanitation Program – South Asia, New Delhi, Vol. 2, 2000.
[25]
Ministry of Food and Disaster Management, “Impacts and Strategies for Interventions”, Super Cyclone Sidr, p. 20, 2007.
Browse journals by subject