Volume 3, Issue 3, June 2017, Page: 51-56
Physico-Chemical Quality of Groundwater in Keta South, Ghana
Norvivor Forgive Awo, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health (Hohoe Campus), University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho-Volta Region, Ghana
Gordon Chris, Institute for Environmental and Science Studies, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana
Appeaning-Addo Kwasi, Department of Marine and Fisheries Science, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana
Received: Jun. 7, 2017;       Accepted: Aug. 8, 2017;       Published: Sep. 26, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.jher.20170303.12      View  2045      Downloads  95
Abstract
The paper investigated physico-chemical quality of groundwater, considering the relative proximity of hand dug wells to coastal environment, but most importantly close to insanitary facilities like refuse dumps, septic tanks and pit latrines; this was done in selected coastal communities in the Keta. Thirty vials of water samples from selected hand dug wells in two seasons were tested for pH, Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), Conductivity, Turbidity, Calcium, Magnesium, Nitrate, Sulphate, and Phosphate; WHO standards of drinking water were adopted to validate the results obtained and statistical analysis run. Statistical analysis of results showed a statistical significance in Turbidity, Nitrate, Phosphate, Calcium and Magnesium values at p<0.05, between the two seasons. There was a weak but significant correlation between Calcium and distance (r=0.398) and a strong correlation between Magnesium and distance (r=0.763). The study revealed that all the hand dug wells sampled recorded relatively high concentration of conductivity, turbidity, TDS, Calcium, Magnesium and Phosphates, irrespective of their proximity to the insanitary facilities and coastal environment, apart from nitrates when compared to WHO standards of drinking water.
Keywords
Groundwater, Physico Chemical Quality, Coastal Communities, Sanitation
To cite this article
Norvivor Forgive Awo, Gordon Chris, Appeaning-Addo Kwasi, Physico-Chemical Quality of Groundwater in Keta South, Ghana, Journal of Health and Environmental Research. Vol. 3, No. 3, 2017, pp. 51-56. doi: 10.11648/j.jher.20170303.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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