Volume 4, Issue 2, June 2018, Page: 51-55
Antibiotic Sensitivity Profile of Microorganisms Isolated from Foods Sold in Selected Elementary Schools in Ilorin Metropolis
Alabede Iyabode Mubarakat, Department of Environmental Health Science, School of Allied Health and Environmental Science, Kwara State University, Malete, Nigeria
Henry Olawale Sawyerr, Department of Environmental Health Science, School of Allied Health and Environmental Science, Kwara State University, Malete, Nigeria
Habeeb Modupe Lateefat, Department of Environmental Health Science, School of Allied Health and Environmental Science, Kwara State University, Malete, Nigeria
Adiama Babatunde Yusuf, Department of Environmental Health Science, School of Allied Health and Environmental Science, Kwara State University, Malete, Nigeria
Yusuf Olanrewaju Rauf, Department of Environmental Health Science, School of Allied Health and Environmental Science, Kwara State University, Malete, Nigeria
Received: Apr. 22, 2018;       Accepted: May 15, 2018;       Published: Jun. 2, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.jher.20180402.12      View  1662      Downloads  110
Abstract
Globally, the estimated amount of food found to be contaminated from schools particularly in developing countries keeps increasing. As a result of this, the federal government of Nigeria resulted into free food programme for elementary schools in the 36 States. This study aims at looking at the microbial loads of organisms present in the foods and its antibiotic sensitivity and how it can help the government in strategizing or re-strategizing their plans. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Ilorin metropolis within three local government areas (South, West, and East) with a total of 128 food samples. Microbiological assay were conducted on samples obtained from the elementary schools. The samples collected were cultured on three culture media (Blood agar, MacConkey agar and Saboroud Dextrose agar) and incubated at 37°C. Characterization of isolates to specie level was done using their morphological appearance, colour of colonies, growth pattern, biochemical test and gram staining. Also antibiotic sensitivity test was also done using the disc diffusion method. Some of the organism isolated from food sampled were Staphylococcus epidermis, Proteus vulgaris, Streptococcus lactics, E. coli, and Candida albicans and they were resistant to Streptomycin, Cloxacilin, Ampicillin e.t. c and sensitive to Ofloxacin, Perfloxacin, Vancomycin e.t.c. Generally, this study reveals that out of the foods sold in the three local government, 30.7% of the foods are acceptable, 9.7% tolerable and 67.8% unacceptable according to the International Commission for Microbiological Specification for foods.
Keywords
Microbial Loads, Schools, Food Handlers
To cite this article
Alabede Iyabode Mubarakat, Henry Olawale Sawyerr, Habeeb Modupe Lateefat, Adiama Babatunde Yusuf, Yusuf Olanrewaju Rauf, Antibiotic Sensitivity Profile of Microorganisms Isolated from Foods Sold in Selected Elementary Schools in Ilorin Metropolis, Journal of Health and Environmental Research. Vol. 4, No. 2, 2018, pp. 51-55. doi: 10.11648/j.jher.20180402.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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