Volume 4, Issue 3, September 2018, Page: 84-90
Kierkegaard, the Spirit of Time and the Individual: Implications for Clinical Psychology
Myriam Moira Protasio, Post-Graduate Program in Social Psychology, Psychology Institute, State University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Ana Maria Lopez Calvo de Feijoo, Post-Graduate Program in Social Psychology, Psychology Institute, State University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Elisabete Marques de Sousa, Philosophy Center (CFUL), School of Arts and Humanities, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal
Received: May 8, 2018;       Accepted: Jul. 2, 2018;       Published: Jul. 26, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.jher.20180403.11      View  511      Downloads  28
Abstract
The aim is to analyze how Søren Kierkegaard, by the voice of his pseudonym “A”, in the chapter the tragic in ancient drama reflected in the tragic in modern drama from Either-Or. Part I, discusses time and the individual, namely by contrasting Zeitgeist, as the spirit of time, and Zeitgeist, as the spirit in time in his presentation of two existential situations of Antigone, namely, the modern character he creates and the Greek character. Kierkegaard claims that the lamentations of the modern Antigone show less sorrow but more pain than the classical Antigone. This difference allows him to posit modern spirit as ready for reflection and in tension with the ancient spirit which is more prone to action. Hence, the tension between the ancient tragic and the modern tragic keeps the universal character without abandoning the individual and, thus, brings to light the individual in history, and this is exactly what is enhanced in this article as of great interest for psychologists, in particular, in clinical existential practice. After an introduction mapping the question, there follow 4 sections focused on the spirit of time, the tragic, Antigone, and Antigone and the spirit of time; and, finally, section 5 presenta the final conclusions, focusing on the relevance of the discussion of the idea of the spirit of the time, and of Kierkegaard’s questioning of this idea, for psychology.
Keywords
Kierkegaard, Antigone, The Spirit of Time, Existential Psychology
To cite this article
Myriam Moira Protasio, Ana Maria Lopez Calvo de Feijoo, Elisabete Marques de Sousa, Kierkegaard, the Spirit of Time and the Individual: Implications for Clinical Psychology, Journal of Health and Environmental Research. Vol. 4, No. 3, 2018, pp. 84-90. doi: 10.11648/j.jher.20180403.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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