Volume 5, Issue 2, June 2019, Page: 50-53
Profile and Prevalence of Dyslipidemia in Workplace in Togo
Wasungu Bassokla Ditorguéna, Occupational Health Office, Ornamental’s Stones and Marble Enterprise, Lome, Togo
Bana-ewai Essozimna Guy, Occupational Health Office, Togo’s Telecommunication Enterprise, Lomé, Togo
Agbobli Yawo Apélété, Department of Medicine and Specialties, University of Lomé, Lomé, Togo
Dadjo Soukouna Francis, Labor and Social Laws Department, Lomé, Togo
Atta Borgatia, Cardiology Office, CHU Sylvanus Olympio, Lomé, Togo
Pessinaba Souleymane, Cardiology Office, CHU Campus, Lomé, Togo
Amevor Kodjo, Occupational Health Office, Togo’s Telecommunication Enterprise, Lomé, Togo
Wognin Sangah, UFR Medical Sciences, University of Félix Houphouët Boigny, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
Bonny Jean-Sylvain, UFR Medical Sciences, University of Félix Houphouët Boigny, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
Received: Apr. 5, 2019;       Accepted: Jun. 2, 2019;       Published: Jun. 20, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.jher.20190502.13      View  412      Downloads  85
Objectives: Dyslipidemia constitute a public health problem in the world. Very few studies were carried out on this subject in workplace. This work completed in workplace aimed to determine the prevalence of the dyslipidemia in workplace, to describe dyslipidemic profile in workers and its associated factors. Materials and Methods: It was about a descriptive cross-sectional study led June to September 2017 (04 months) on the medical files of the workers of a company of telephony in Togo. Were included the medical files comprising all the parameters of the lipidic assessment (total cholesterol, of triglycerides, the LDL and HDL cholesterol). The incomplete files were excluded. The dyslipidemia was defined for a total cholesterol higher than or 2, 4 g/L (6, 2 mmol/L) and/or a rate of HDL cholesterol lower than 0, 4 g/L (1 mmol/L) at the man or lower than 0, 50 g/L (1, 3 mmol/L) at the woman and/or a triglyceride higher than 2 g/L (2, 3 mmol/L) and/or a rate of LDLc > 1, 88 g/L. Results: The average age of the workers was 46, 57 years ± 7, 7 (extreme of 28 and 60 years). The administrative staff was prevalent in a proportion of 53, 4%. The pure hypercholesterolemia were most frequent (64%), followed by hypo HDL cholesterol and mixed dyslipidemia respectively 16,4% and 12,9%. The dyslipidemia was isolated in 72% from the cases, was combined with another factor of cardiovascular risk such as arterial hypertension (20, 2%), diabete (7, 1%) and an ischaemic cardiopathy (1, 1%) of the cases. Conclusion: Dyslipidemias are a reality in occupational environment in Togo with high prevalence estimated at 60.3% and are associated to other factor of cardiovascular risk such as arterial hypertension, diabete, and overweight. So it seems necessary to lead occupational health programs in order to control them.
Dyslipidemia, Prevalence, Workplace, Prevention
To cite this article
Wasungu Bassokla Ditorguéna, Bana-ewai Essozimna Guy, Agbobli Yawo Apélété, Dadjo Soukouna Francis, Atta Borgatia, Pessinaba Souleymane, Amevor Kodjo, Wognin Sangah, Bonny Jean-Sylvain, Profile and Prevalence of Dyslipidemia in Workplace in Togo, Journal of Health and Environmental Research. Vol. 5, No. 2, 2019, pp. 50-53. doi: 10.11648/j.jher.20190502.13
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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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