Volume 5, Issue 2, June 2019, Page: 54-62
Effects of Management Commitment and Workers’ Participation on Occupational Safety and Health Performance in Public Health Facilities
Patrick Kinyanjui Njogu, Department of Health, Nyeri County, Kenya
Charles Mburu, Institute of Energy and Environmental Technology, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Juja, Kenya
Benson Karanja, Institute of Energy and Environmental Technology, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Juja, Kenya
Received: May 30, 2019;       Accepted: Jun. 29, 2019;       Published: Jul. 17, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.jher.20190502.14      View  122      Downloads  20
Abstract
The Kenya Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) mandates employers to maintain the highest standards of occupational safety and health in their workplaces. It further provides the rights and roles of workers in occupational safety and health. However, occupational incidents persist in public health facilities. The researcher aimed to determine whether management commitment and employee participation hindered the implementation of OSHA in public dispensaries and health centres, using Machakos County. The study was a cross-sectional descriptive survey involving 107 health workers in public dispensaries and health centres in Machakos County. The assessment involved data collection from respondents using Likert-scaled questionnaires, physical observations such as documents review in the selected facilities. The Likert-scaled questions were in form of positive statements. Pearson’s correlation coefficients (r) were 0.7222 for management commitment and 0.7053 for workers’ participation, both showing high correlations. Linear regression analysis indicated reasonably strong negative relationships between each of the independent variables and hindrance in the implementation of OSHA. The prediction factors for management commitment and workers’ participation were -0.6600, p<0.05 and -0.6300, p<0.05 respectively. The null hypotheses failed in the t-test thus favouring the alternative hypotheses. The researchers concluded that implementation of OSHA in the selected facilities was hindered by lack management commitment and workers’ participation. The health management, workers and the Directorate of Safety and Health Services should act as mandated to improve in implementation of OSHA in the health facilities.
Keywords
Management Commitment, Workers’ Participation, Safety and Health Performance, Public Health Facilities, Kenya
To cite this article
Patrick Kinyanjui Njogu, Charles Mburu, Benson Karanja, Effects of Management Commitment and Workers’ Participation on Occupational Safety and Health Performance in Public Health Facilities, Journal of Health and Environmental Research. Vol. 5, No. 2, 2019, pp. 54-62. doi: 10.11648/j.jher.20190502.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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