Volume 6, Issue 3, September 2020, Page: 44-50
Ethnobotanical Research on the Knowledge of Vernonia amygdalina Leaves in the Treatment of Liver Diseases in South Benin
Adjouavi Yvette Deguenon, Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), Godomey, Benin; Department of Physiology/Pharmacology, Faculty of Science, University of Lome (UL), Lomé, Togo
Bernadin Manou Elegbede, National Water Institute, University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), Godomey, Benin
Théodore Soussia, National Medical and Health Institute, University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), Godomey, Benin
Kissao Gnandi, Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, University of Lome (UL), Lomé, Togo
Patrick Aleodjrodo Edorh, Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), Godomey, Benin
Guillaume Koffivi Ketoh, Department of Physiology/Pharmacology, Faculty of Science, University of Lome (UL), Lomé, Togo
Received: May 20, 2020;       Accepted: Jun. 1, 2020;       Published: Jun. 9, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.jher.20200603.11      View  205      Downloads  99
Abstract
Most of the inhabitants of South Benin use medicinal plants to treat various pathologies. Several research studies have cited Vernonia amygdalina as a hepatoprotective medicinal plant. The objective of this work is to list the medicinal plants made available to the population to treat liver diseases by herbalists and to verify their level of knowledge in relation to the use of Vernonia amygdalina. The methodology consists of conducting a semi-structured survey of herbalists in markets, on sites where medicinal plants are sold and in households. This methodology allowed us to identify 38 species of medicinal plants belonging to 20 families. The best represented species is Bridelia ferruginea (10) of the family Euphobiaceae. The Rubiaceae family is the most represented (16). The organ of the plant most frequently used in recipes is the root (47). Five hundred and fifty-two households (552) responded to our questions. 64% use the leaves of Vernonia amygdalina for nutrition against 36% for therapeutic use. 68% are supplied from distant fields, 13% from urban areas and 19% from market gardening sites. 35% say they have no information about its use in phytotherapy, 21% use it for intestinal ailments, 18% for the treatment of malaria, 13% for oral diseases, 12% for other pathologies. The frequency of use (four times a week) is best represented for nutrition and phytotherapy. In conclusion, Vernonia amygdalina is very little known in phytotherapy despite the various researches carried out on this plant. Researchers must promote medicinal plants that are very easy to grow in order to limit the offer to users of rare plants in danger of extinction.
Keywords
Vernonia amygdalina, Ethnobotanical Investigation, Liver Diseases
To cite this article
Adjouavi Yvette Deguenon, Bernadin Manou Elegbede, Théodore Soussia, Kissao Gnandi, Patrick Aleodjrodo Edorh, Guillaume Koffivi Ketoh, Ethnobotanical Research on the Knowledge of Vernonia amygdalina Leaves in the Treatment of Liver Diseases in South Benin, Journal of Health and Environmental Research. Vol. 6, No. 3, 2020, pp. 44-50. doi: 10.11648/j.jher.20200603.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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