Volume 6, Issue 3, September 2020, Page: 98-103
Determinants of Delay in First Prenatal Consultation at Hospital Environment in Kimpese Health Zone in Democratic Republic of Congo: Cross-sectional Study
Likongo Botawaosenge Ted, Department of Medecine Family, Protestante University of Congo, Kinshasa, Democratic Republique of Congo
Nkodila Natuhoyila Aliocha, Department of Public Health, Lomo University Reseach, Kinshasa, Democratic Republique of Congo
Lukanu Ngwala Philippe, Department of Medecine Family, Protestante University of Congo, Kinshasa, Democratic Republique of Congo
Matondo Batumanitu Joel, Department of Medecine Family, Protestante University of Congo, Kinshasa, Democratic Republique of Congo
Mbungu Mwimba Roger, Department of Gynecology Obstetric, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republique of Congo
Received: Jul. 17, 2020;       Accepted: Jul. 28, 2020;       Published: Sep. 19, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.jher.20200603.18      View  58      Downloads  24
Abstract
Context and aims: knowledge of determinants of delay in prenatal consultations is essential if we want to reduce maternal and infant mortality. The aims of this study is to determine the factors determining the delay in the first prenatal consultation (PNC 1) in a hospital setting in the Kimpese Health Zone. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study, including recruited women, by random sampling in prenatal consultations in the Kimpese Health zone; between June 1 and August 31, 2017. It consisted in directly collecting, through an interview, information on the socio-demographic and economic characteristics and the first prenatal consultation of the women followed in the health areas of this Health Zone. Results: of the 431 women included in the study, 87.5% had a delay in PNC 1. Their average age of women was 36.4 ± 6.8 years. Having a non-spouse head of household multiplied the risk of PNC 1 delay 1 by 2 (ORa: 1.95 95% CI: 1.01-3.78), having an existing fixed place of PNC 1 increased the risk of delay of PNC by 8 (ORa: 7.69; 95% CI: 2.56-25.00) and the absence of PNC 1 cost coverage increased the risk of CPN delay 1 by 3 (ORa: 3.33; 95% CI: 1.15-9.09). Conclusion: The frequency of PNC 1 delay is high in Kimpese Health Zone. It is associated with the non-spouse head of household, the existing PNC location and the absence of PNC cost coverage.
Keywords
Delay of PNC 1, Determinants, Kimpese Health Zone
To cite this article
Likongo Botawaosenge Ted, Nkodila Natuhoyila Aliocha, Lukanu Ngwala Philippe, Matondo Batumanitu Joel, Mbungu Mwimba Roger, Determinants of Delay in First Prenatal Consultation at Hospital Environment in Kimpese Health Zone in Democratic Republic of Congo: Cross-sectional Study, Journal of Health and Environmental Research. Vol. 6, No. 3, 2020, pp. 98-103. doi: 10.11648/j.jher.20200603.18
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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